Fighting Illegal Immigration - Capacity Building of Romanian Immigration Office (RIO)

Project completed

The project aims at improving the capacity and knowledge on illegal migration of the staff of the Romanian Immigration Office (RIO) and will equip them to better fulfill their task. Swiss Experts will be in charge of training courses. The project is part of the thematic fund security in Romania. Further information about this fund can be found among the additional information on the very bottom of this page.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Enhanced security and safety
Border protection
01.04.2012 - 31.03.2013
CHF 157'000

The Romanian Immigration Office (RIO) is the national authority on managing immigration and implementing the legal framework in the field. At 30 June 2011, 60.074 third country nationals had registered their stay with RIO. Taking into account that around 200.000 aliens yearly are granted with short or long stay visas by Romanian diplomatic missions abroad and the number of irregular migrants that are travelling to Romania without a visa, the yearly total number of migrants in Romania is estimated to be 350.000-400.000. In 2010, RIO detected 3783 irregulars with an illegal stay status in Romania and 3294 of those were issued with a decision to return to their country. It is the Romanian state’s responsibility to clearly establish the categories of migrants who can be admitted and can stay on the national territory, according to national interests but in correlation with the policies and programmatic documents adopted at European Union level, as well as guaranteeing migrants’ rights.


The overall project goal is to reduce illegal immigration and illegal residence in Romania. The specific objectives are to:

  • improve capacity and knowledge on illegal migration topics
  • and develop the capabilities of Romanian agencies in combating illegal migration on Romanian territory
Target groups

RIO staff, police, other authorities dealing with migration issues


The project will cover a study visit to Switzerland allowing a better understanding of Swiss institutional and legislative framework, operative management, experiences and best practices related to the detection of irregular migrants with illegal stay, followed by training for RIO staff and border police in Romania by Swiss experts, in the field of interview techniques and detecting counterfeit of forged documents of irregular migrants. A need for improvement of RIO equipment to perform activities related to illegal migrants requires the procurement of 8 new motor vehicles.


Achieved results:  

  • 60 Romanian officials, 46 participants from the General Inspectorate for Immigration (GII) territorial structures, 4 from the central units of the Migration Directorate and 10 participants from the Romanian General Inspectorate of Border Police trained on detection and identification of migrants as well as interview techniques and detecting forged documents and benefitted from the exchange of experience with Swiss authorities
  • 8 motor vehicles to increase the efficiency of the checks have been purchased and delivered and are fully operational
  • Detection of 2496 irregular migrants (8% increase from 2013)

The project has been completed at an operational level.

Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Swiss Contribution to the enlarged EU
Project partners Contract partner
Private sector

Other partners

Intermediary Body: TC Teamconsult, Geneva; Executing Agency: Romanian Immigration Office (RIO)

Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF   157'000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF   45'288
Project phases Phase 20 01.04.2015 - 30.09.2017   (Completed) Phase 19 02.05.2016 - 31.10.2017   (Current phase) Phase 18 01.09.2014 - 30.06.2017   (Completed) Phase 17 14.11.2014 - 31.08.2018   (Current phase) Phase 16 01.02.2014 - 31.07.2015   (Completed) Phase 15 01.09.2014 - 31.08.2017   (Completed) Phase 14 01.03.2013 - 31.12.2017   (Current phase) Phase 13 01.03.2013 - 30.11.2015   (Completed) Phase 12 01.11.2012 - 30.06.2018   (Current phase)

Phase 11 01.04.2012 - 31.03.2013   (Completed)

Phase 10 01.04.2012 - 30.06.2017   (Completed) Phase 9 01.04.2012 - 15.06.2014   (Completed) Phase 8 01.03.2012 - 31.03.2018   (Current phase) Phase 7 01.03.2012 - 31.08.2013   (Completed) Phase 6 01.03.2012 - 15.11.2014   (Completed) Phase 5 01.03.2012 - 30.06.2018   (Current phase) Phase 4 01.03.2012 - 30.04.2017   (Completed) Phase 3 01.03.2012 - 30.07.2015   (Completed) Phase 2 01.01.2012 - 31.12.2017   (Current phase)