Radioactive Waste Disposal

Projekt abgeschlossen

The objectives of the project are to make specific contributions to the safety assessment of the future radioactive waste repositories through an understanding of relevant retention/retardation mechanisms and processes, and to provide the necessary models and databases. Investigation of the geochemistry of radioactive waste disposal systems. The goal of the project is the demonstration of long-term isolation technology in underground repository.
 

 

Land/Region Thema Periode Budget
Ungarn
Wirtschaftswachstum fördern und Arbeitsbedingungen verbessern
Forschung und Entwicklung
01.10.2010 - 30.03.2016
CHF 1'048'800

Note: the texts under all the headings, with the exception of 'Results achieved', describe the situation before the start of the project.

Hintergrund 1. Reforms for a knowledge-based economy are at the heart of the EU’s Lisbon Agenda. While Hungary has a tradition of academic research, the country intends to improve its innovation profile through the further development of key technologies. Among these are technology industries in the fields that are also the focus of the Swiss Contribution Call for Proposals for R&D: life sciences and biotechnology, medical technology, material science and nanotechnology, environmental technology and technology of energy-saving and renewed alternative energy resources. The Swiss Contribution offers an opportunity for Swiss and Hungarian research institutions to cooperate and build partnerships for mutual benefit.
2. Hungary produces about 40% of its electricity with nuclear power. Storage for low and medium-level nuclear waste is available; however, the problems of disposal of high level and long-lived radioactive waste, as well as that of spent fuels, still need to be solved.

Ziele

The project aims at establishing a competence laboratory for the study of safe disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The outcomes of the project are insights into the sorption processes of key radionuclides on heterogeneous clay rock samples and identification of the main mineral phases responsible for the uptake of radionuclides, thereby gaining direct information on the safety assessment of the repository rock.

Zielgruppen

Relevant research community, indirectly: the Hungarian public

Aktivitäten
  • Up-grading of X-ray microanalytical laboratory and development of new techniques
  • Macroscopic (wet chemistry) investigations of key radionuclides in argillaceous rock systems
  • Geochemical modelling of experimental sorption data
  • Geological drillings in Boda formation
  • Various investigations on heterogeneous, clay-rich rock samples to identify the mineral phase responsible for radionuclide uptake
  • Beamtime campaigns

 

Resultate

Erreichte Resultate:  

  • Various experiments on the sorption processes of key radionuclides on heterogeneous clay rock samples successfully completed
  • The results have been published in scientific papers and presented at international conferences.

 


Verantwortliche Direktion/Bundesamt DEZA
Kreditbereich Schweizer Beitrag an die erweiterte EU
Projektpartner Vertragspartner
Ausländische staatliche Institution
  • National State Institute North


Budget Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF   1'048'800 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF   934'394
Projektphasen

Phase 1 01.10.2010 - 30.03.2016   (Completed)