Note: the texts under all the headings, with the exception of 'Results achieved', describe the situation before the start of the project.
Radioactive Waste Disposal
The objectives of the project are to make specific contributions to the safety assessment of the future radioactive waste repositories through an understanding of relevant retention/retardation mechanisms and processes, and to provide the necessary models and databases. Investigation of the geochemistry of radioactive waste disposal systems. The goal of the project is the demonstration of long-term isolation technology in underground repository.
Wirtschaftswachstum fördern und Arbeitsbedingungen verbessern
Forschung und Entwicklung
- Up-grading of X-ray microanalytical laboratory and development of new techniques
- Macroscopic (wet chemistry) investigations of key radionuclides in argillaceous rock systems
- Geochemical modelling of experimental sorption data
- Geological drillings in Boda formation
- Various investigations on heterogeneous, clay-rich rock samples to identify the mineral phase responsible for radionuclide uptake
- Beamtime campaigns
- Various experiments on the sorption processes of key radionuclides on heterogeneous clay rock samples successfully completed
- The results have been published in scientific papers and presented at international conferences.
- National State Institute North
1. Reforms for a knowledge-based economy are at the heart of the EU’s Lisbon Agenda. While Hungary has a tradition of academic research, the country intends to improve its innovation profile through the further development of key technologies. Among these are technology industries in the fields that are also the focus of the Swiss Contribution Call for Proposals for R&D: life sciences and biotechnology, medical technology, material science and nanotechnology, environmental technology and technology of energy-saving and renewed alternative energy resources. The Swiss Contribution offers an opportunity for Swiss and Hungarian research institutions to cooperate and build partnerships for mutual benefit.
2. Hungary produces about 40% of its electricity with nuclear power. Storage for low and medium-level nuclear waste is available; however, the problems of disposal of high level and long-lived radioactive waste, as well as that of spent fuels, still need to be solved.
The project aims at establishing a competence laboratory for the study of safe disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The outcomes of the project are insights into the sorption processes of key radionuclides on heterogeneous clay rock samples and identification of the main mineral phases responsible for the uptake of radionuclides, thereby gaining direct information on the safety assessment of the repository rock.
Relevant research community, indirectly: the Hungarian public
Schweizer Beitrag an die erweiterte EU
Ausländische staatliche Institution
|Budget||Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF 1'048'800 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF 934'394|
Phase 1 01.10.2010 - 30.03.2016 (Completed)
Bulgaria: Around 20 projects relating to ecological forestry, farming and waste management, social inequalities and regional disparities, innovative buildings and materials, and drug development.
Hungary: 6 projects relating to the environment, health, the disposal of special waste, energy conversion, and academic training. The six projects are already underway.
Lithuania: Around 25 projects relating to climate science and technology, healthcare and life sciences, as well as natural science.
Poland: Around 40 projects relating to information and communication technology, renewable energy, nanotechnology, healthcare, and the environment.
Romania: Around 30 projects relating to sustainable energy, economic growth, social inequality, plus the impact of litter and waste on the environment and climate.
Cooperation in Research
Thanks to the research programmes in Bulgaria, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Hungary, Swiss research institutes and institutions in the partner countries can carry out joint research projects. The total funds for research partnerships amount to just under CHF 60 million.
The new EU member states are making great efforts to strengthen their potential in research and development. However, these countries face several obstacles in trying to establish a knowledge-based economy. There is often a lack of infrastructure and equipment, or the institutional structures and international networking may be in need of improvement.
Swiss research programmes in Bulgaria, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland and Romania will help promote these countries as locations for research. They will also intensify relationships with Switzerland in the scientific arena and make research careers more attractive for young academics.
Support from Switzerland as a centre of research
As a research location with significant technology exports and knowledge transfer, Switzerland has a lot to offer. Under the auspices of these programmes, Swiss research institutions are cooperating with foreign partners on research projects, the results of which help strengthen the research centres in the respective countries and their cooperation with Switzerland.
In addition to developing projects together, the research programmes offer scientists from the respective countries a unique opportunity to share research findings, to identify possible avenues for closer international cooperation and to explore investment and business opportunities.
Targeted promotion of various research disciplines in the individual countries
In total Switzerland has committed some CHF 60 million to supporting research in the five countries. The number of planned projects varies from country to country. A total of around 120 projects will be supported, and their results will be published. The projects are assigned to various predefined categories agreed with the countries on the basis of criteria that will ensure optimum promotion as a research location. Joint research projects will be carried out in the following areas: