Rafforzamento della partecipazione delle donne alla vita politica

Un’elettrice mostra il suo indice sinistro inchiostro colorato dopo che ha votato.
La DSC promuove la partecipazione attiva delle donne alle elezioni. © Susanne Schmeidl

Nel mondo le donne hanno scarse possibilità di influenzare le decisioni politiche, economiche, sociali e domestiche. La DSC si adopera affinché donne e uomini possano onorare con pari diritti i loro doveri di cittadine e cittadini e promuove la partecipazione delle donne alla vita politica.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

La DSC integra sistematicamente le questioni di genere nei suoi progetti di sviluppo della governance e, su scala locale e nazionale, promuove la partecipazione delle donne alla vita politica, per esempio nel quadro dei processi di democratizzazione.

Confrontato a un’urbanizzazione sfrenata, l’Afghanistan ha visto il suo tasso di criminalità aumentare drasticamente. In otto grandi città del Paese i cittadini aiutano a valutare le sfide riguardanti la sicurezza e mettono in atto misure collettive. In questo processo sostenuto dalla DSC la partecipazione attiva delle donne è prioritaria.

Nel Benin la DSC sostiene le donne che si offrono di rivestire cariche politiche o assumere posizioni in altri organi decisionali come i comitati locali in ambito sanitario e per la gestione delle risorse idriche.

L’integrazione delle questioni di genere è un obiettivo prioritario anche nello sviluppo dei Comuni nei Balcani occidentali. Attraverso i suoi progetti la DSC promuove la facoltà di codecisione delle donne nella pianificazione del budget e nella ripartizione delle risorse finanziarie, accordando uguale considerazione alle esigenze e agli interessi di uomini e donne, bambini e bambine.     

Contesto

Il potere delle donne di influenzare le decisioni politiche ed economiche è ancor oggi scarso rispetto a quello degli uomini. I pregiudizi sociali persistenti, la mancanza di tempo e la scarsa istruzione impediscono alle donne di partecipare alla vita politica al pari degli uomini. 

Oltre a un’adeguata rappresentanza femminile negli organi decisionali è fondamentale che la loro attività politica sia attenta alle questioni di genere. Per la DSC è necessario coinvolgere tutte le fasce della popolazione nei processi locali di decentralizzazione e di sviluppo della governance locale. Parallelamente andrebbero analizzate le conseguenze delle decisioni politiche e di bilancio su uomini, donne, bambini e minoranze. 

Progetti attuali

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Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response Project (GBV Project)

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2027

Gender-based violence is prevalent in Nepal because of patriarchal values, lack of rights awareness or support services and poor implementation of laws. In the first phase, the project will directly reach 50,000 households in three districts with GBV prevention activities involving women, girls, men and boys and will provide improved medical, psychosocial and legal services for a minimum of 1’000 GBV survivors. Subsequently, the coverage will be increased.


Participation des femmes dans le processus de paix, de sécurité et de relèvement au Mali

31.12.2023 - 31.03.2031

La Suisse s’engage au Mali pour une participation plus significative des femmes dans le processus de paix. Par l’intermédiaire de ONU-Femmes, les soutiens directs à des initiatives de la société civile malienne seront complétés par la réalisation du Plan d’Action National pour la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 1325 de l’ONU, concernant la participation de femmes dans les processus de paix et les garanties de sécurité. Le programme contribue ainsi à la stabilisation de la sous-région


SYP Safeguard Young People in Eastern African countries

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2024

The SYP program contributes to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of young people, thus  reducing gender based health inequities. It supports the adoption, domestication and implementation of policies, and strengthens young people’s competencies on and access to SRHR services. The expansion to Tanzania and Rwanda leverages on the  experience in Southern Africa financed by SDC, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)’s thematic expertise and convening power.


Working for Health (W4H)

01.11.2020 - 31.10.2025

More health workers with the right skills are needed to achieve the SDGs, particularly in low income countries. Switzerland contributes to a joint WHO, ILO and OECD program providing catalytic support to governments, social partners and other key stakeholders to develop, finance and implement national health workforce strategies and investment plans. This will improve the supply and employment of health workers, maximise their performance, create decent jobs and accelerate progress towards UHC.   


Supporting Small-scale Dairy Production

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2024

This contribution aims at improving economic empowerment and resilience of women dairy producers in Abkhazia and Samegrelo. The protracted conflict in Abkhazia impedes socio-economic development, leading to high poverty and vulnerability to external shocks, as COVID-19. Women are particularly vulnerable, as they are also victims of gender-based discrimination and domestic violence. Farmer Field Schools will empower women by enhancing their technical and leadership skills.


PSTIC: Provision of protection and humanitarian assistance to vulnerable migrants in Greater Cairo

21.08.2020 - 20.08.2021

The increase in migrants and refugees residing in Egypt, coupled with shrinking humanitarian funding are leaving many at protection risk. With new challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the protection risks have risen and needs are exacerbated. This project will respond to the immediate protection needs of refugees and migrants by providing a comprehensive package of gender sensitive emergency protection services in Greater Cairo, with a special focus on women and children at risk. 



Decent Work and Income Security for Women through Inclusive Growth and Investments in the Care Economy (ILO and UN Women)

15.06.2020 - 30.06.2023

Decent work and income security for women is the objective of Switzerland’s contribution to the joint ILO/UN Women programme. It will bring gender into the focus of macro-level and national policy planning, helping to translate global research into national action. Switzerland supports this systemic approach as it strengthens the economic independence of women and men. Switzerland provides direct channels to link the international policy dialogue in Geneva with countries in the global South.


Strengthening the Role of Local Communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

01.05.2020 - 31.03.2024

The Project will enhance community governance in BiH by empowering local communities (MZs) as modern and effective structures for pro-active citizens’ participation. A new functional and organizational set up of MZs in BiH will be created and standardized countrywide. In turn, women and men will benefit from more people-centred local service delivery, better accountability and transparency of municipalities.

 

 

 


Women and Girls First

01.05.2020 - 31.12.2022

SDC up-scales the “Women and Girls First” program of its priority partner UN Population Fund in southern Shan, where no other donor is present. The program strengthens government, civil society and ethnic health providers’ systems to be responsive to the needs of young people related to sexual reproductive health and rights. It improves access to comprehensive gender-based violence, mental health and psychosocial support services, and enhances social cohesion.


Mercy Corps - Building Resilience in Conflict-Affected Communities (BRAC)

01.02.2020 - 31.01.2022

South Kordofan is one of the areas in Sudan were the armed conflict is temporarily halted, but not yet solved, and many communities are still suffering from its consequences. These communities are hosting significant numbers of IDPs and refugees from war torn South Sudan, who share the very limited available resources. The project aims at increasing the resilience of female and male members of vulnerable households to economic, social and climate related shocks through improved access to gender responsive basic services and increased agricultural production.


Grassroots women building resilience and peace in Central America.

01.10.2019 - 31.12.2022

The project enables two thousand grassroots women and their families to implement effective climate adaptation practices and strengthen their voice and leadership to influence related public plans and policies. The exchange of good local practices will be fostered among women in the region, thus increasing their resilience to climate change and variability.

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