Lotta alla corruzione per rendere possibile lo sviluppo

Grafico: Due mani si avvicinano da destra e da sinistra, come per stringersi in un saluto, ma in una mano sono nascoste delle banconote.
La DSC lotta contro ogni forma di corruzione – per esempio il versamento di bustarelle per ottenere prestazioni mediche. © DSC

La corruzione ostacola lo sviluppo: mezzi finanziari consistenti vanno perduti, la fiducia della popolazione nello Stato vacilla e lascia il posto a un sentimento d’impotenza e ingiustizia che può provocare conflitti. Il fenomeno penalizza in modo particolare le fasce meno abbienti e più vulnerabili della popolazione che non possono permettersi di pagare bustarelle o tangenti per i servizi pubblici. La DSC combatte la corruzione con la massima determinazione. 

La Svizzera attribuisce grande importanza alla lotta contro la corruzione, un elemento fondamentale della promozione del buongoverno. Gli interventi si focalizzano sulla trasparenza e il senso di responsabilità dello Stato, ma anche sul sanzionamento dei comportamenti scorretti.

Si tratta di far sì che le risorse pubbliche siano utilizzate in modo efficace ed efficiente per lo sviluppo del Paese in questione e che cresca la fiducia della popolazione nei confronti dello Stato. Istituzioni statali e processi politici non dovrebbero più essere minati alla base da pratiche corrotte. Regole del gioco più eque possono contribuire a ridurre le tensioni. 

Ambiti e modalità d’intervento

La DSC combatte la piccola corruzione quotidiana che rende difficile la vita della gente (p. es. il pagamento di bustarelle per ottenere prestazioni mediche), ma anche la corruzione in grande stile nella quale sono coinvolti politici e imprenditori potenti e sono in gioco somme di denaro consistenti. La strategia adottata è a doppio binario: si combatte il fenomeno con specifici programmi e, parallelamente, si porta avanti la lotta anche nel quadro di programmi riguardanti altri ambiti tematici. Tutti gli aspetti sono presi in considerazione: corruzione, tangenti, truffe, malversazione, nepotismo, accordi illeciti sui prezzi e estorsioni.

Politica di tolleranza zero

Qualora si verifichi un caso di corruzione in attività sostenute dalla DSC, i successivi versamenti vengono di norma sospesi finché non sono conclusi gli accertamenti giuridici. Si fa inoltre il possibile per recuperare i fondi versati indebitamente

A chi rivolgersi in caso di sospetti?

Il Compliance Office DFAE è incaricato di ricevere e dare seguito a segnalazioni interne ed esterne relative a casi di corruzione o di abuso nelle attività finanziate dalla DSC.

Compliance Office DFAE – Segnalare corruzione, malversazioni e abusi 

In alternativa, i casi sospetti possono essere segnalati anche al Controllo federale delle finanze tramite la piattaforma esterna protetta di whistleblowing.

Piattaforma di whistleblowing, Controllo federale delle finanze (CFF)

Documenti

Progetti attuali

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PADIT - Programa Plataforma Articulada para el Desarrollo Integral de los Territorios

06.12.2017 - 31.12.2021

PADIT apoya el fortalecimiento del desarrollo local en Cuba, genera herramientas de gestión descentralizada basadas en la articulación y cooperación entre niveles de decisión (nacional, provincial, municipal e intermunicipal) y entre el sector público y el privado y cooperativo para crear servicios y actividades productivas y mejorar opciones de empleo e ingresos, con énfasis en mujeres y jóvenes. A la vez, PADIT moviliza la participación ciudadana en las decisiones locales.


Public Investment in Energy Efficiency Phase 2 (PIE2)

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2021

PIE2 aims to increase effectiveness of Public Investment Management (PIM) and of Public Finance Management (PFM) replicating and upscaling the achievements of PIE1 in the two poorest districts of Ulaanbaatar city. Improved PIM and PFM capacities, practices, procedures and regulations will be applied to the thermoretrofitting of public buildings, i.e. 20 schools and kindergartens, aiming for demonstration effect for replication. The need to improve education facilities corresponds to a top priority for UB citizens.


Efficient and Accountable Local Governance

01.11.2017 - 31.10.2022

Local Governments in Bangladesh are tasked to deliver important public services like education, agricultural extension and health. The project supports the clarification of functions for the local public sector, the enhancement of financial management and citizen participation for increased accountability in service delivery, with a focus on the sub-district level, and strengthening women’s participation in political processes. 


Parliament Support Programme (PSP)

01.11.2017 - 31.08.2023

Switzerland supports the Assembly of North Macedonia to become an effective, transparent and independent institution by supporting the Parliament’s institutional development, its oversight and legislative capacities and its transparency and accountability towards citizens, including marginalized groups. This includes changes to the regulatory framework, the promotion of a political culture of consensus building, capacity building for MPs, parliament staff and CSOs and improved electronic architecture for effective and transparent communication.


National Governance and Public Administration Reform (NGPAR): Governance for Inclusive Development Project (GIDP)

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2021

In a context of prevailing poor access to public services, the National Governance and Public Administration Reform Programme (NGPAR) has enhanced inclusive service delivery and local development via strengthening public administrations, increased dialogue, and collaboration between citizens and state for more effective service delivery since 2006. NGPAR Phase 4, the Governance for Inclusive Development Project will focus on support to the devolution process for inclusive and sustainable development in Lao PDR.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt – Phase 1

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Egypt is a water scarce country and has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption. Switzerland can share its know-how in the water sector. This programme contributes to equitable access to safely managed water to deprived and informal settlement areas in the economically disadvantaged governorate of Aswan in Upper Egypt and to improved potable water management and service provision in Aswan Water & Sanitation Company (AWSC).


Albania: Bashki te Forta (Strong Municipalities)

01.06.2017 - 30.09.2022

Municipal administrations in all 61 municipalities in Albania will be supported to effectively manage service delivery based on the citizens’ needs. Municipal councils will be enabled to better represent citizens’ interests and ensure that public resources are well managed. Setting up a reliable and up-to-date local statistical system will allow an informed decision making. Through these improvements, citizens will benefit from better services such as waste and pre-school education and will actively be involved in local issues.


Support to Local Governance Programme (LoGo)

01.05.2017 - 31.12.2019

The programme will reduce the potential for conflict in the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) by improving the relationship and trust between the people and the State; as part of the ongoing decentralization reform, the programme will strengthen the basis for accountable and participatory local government processes leading to more efficiency of local governments and public services responding to all citizens’ needs, including those of the most vulnerable.


Sharique Phase IV : SDC LGov Programme

01.03.2017 - 30.06.2020

Sharique has developed a proven capacity development model for urban municipalities strengthening participative and inclusive development planning, transparent budgeting, taxation and representation of women and poor citizens in decision-making and service delivery. In this exit phase, the model will be internalized and applied in two additional districts by national training institutions, empowering 0.8 million citizens to influence planning and provision of public services.


Township Democratic Local Governance (TDLG)

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2020

In Mon State, with a traditionally strong Swiss presence, the project promotes a participatory, inclusive and transparent process around development grants, in order to improve the delivery of basic services at Township and village levels. Together with the state’s authorities, with the aim of including the governance structures of the Ethnic Armed Groups, the living conditions and space for democracy for the local people in ten Townships should improve with tangible development results.


Support to the DPCG (Development Partners’ Coordination Group) Secretariat in Rwanda

15.09.2016 - 15.09.2019

Switzerland and the UK, in an effort to facilitate a broad and fruitful development policy dialogue in Rwanda, will dedicate financial resources towards a UNDP support to the line ministry in charge of aid coordination. It entails, on the one hand, carrying out analytical research leading to evidence-based policy decision, and, on the other hand, the efficient management of the Development Partners’ Coordination Group (DPCG) Secretariat.


PRODEL – Programme to strengthen municipal capacities for local development

01.04.2016 - 31.03.2020

PRODEL is part of the Cuban decentralization reform process that seeks to build the capacities of local government representatives in local development management and assist them in formulating and implementing Municipal Development Strategies (EDMs) as a tool to maximize local resources and improve local services.

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