Prevenzione delle catastrofi, aiuto d’emergenza, ricostruzione e protezione

 Persone raccolgono l'acqua proveniente da una cisterna nel Sudan del Sud
Nel Sudan del Sud l'Aiuto umanitario ha costruito vari punti di approvvigionamento idrico per permettere alle comunità locali di accedere all'acqua potabile. © DSC

La prevenzione delle catastrofi, l’aiuto d’emergenza e la ricostruzione sono i tre campi di intervento dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC. Questi tre ambiti corrispondono rispettivamente all’impegno prima, durante e dopo le crisi, i conflitti armati e le catastrofi.

Con prevenzione si intendono tutte le misure prese per proteggere la popolazione e le infrastrutture. La prevenzione dei pericoli e la riduzione della vulnerabilità contribuiscono allo sviluppo sostenibile e vengono perseguite in tutti i progetti e i programmi della DSC. Il primo compito dell’aiuto d’emergenza è salvare vite umane e alleviare le sofferenze delle vittime nei momenti più acuti di una crisi. Due terzi dei fondi dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC sono destinati a questi interventi. Passata l’emergenza e quando la situazione si è ormai stabilizzata possono iniziare i lavori di ricostruzione e ripristino. In caso di conflitti che perdurano nel tempo, l’impegno su questi tre fronti può essere simultaneo. 

La protezione delle popolazioni rappresenta una delle quattro priorità tematiche dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC insieme agli ambiti riduzione dei rischi di catastrofi, acqua potabile, igiene e servizi igienico-sanitari, violenza sessuale e di genere.

Prevenzione delle catastrofi

I disastri naturali colpiscono indistintamente i Paesi ricchi e quelli poveri, ma le loro ripercussioni variano a seconda del livello di sviluppo del Paese colpito.

Aiuto immediato e aiuto d'urgenza

L'aiuto d'urgenza della Confederazione, con gli esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA), viene impiegato in tutto il mondo in situazioni di crisi, conflitti e catastrofi.

Ricostruzione e riabilitazione

I programmi di ricostruzione e riabilitazione sono volti in generale a ristabilire condizioni di vita normali delle popolazioni colpite, aiutando queste ultime a superare i traumi delle guerre e delle calamità naturali e a migliorare a lungo termine la situazione abitativa, le infrastrutture e i redditi.

Protezione

I conflitti armati e le catastrofi naturali espongono i sopravvissuti a rischi di violenza fisica o psichica.

Progetti attuali

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Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2020

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2020

SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises.

 


Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2020

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2020

SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flesible funding to respond to chaning needs in humanitarian crises.


Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2020

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2020

SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises.

 


Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2020

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2020

SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises.

 


Philippines: Typhoon Phanfone - Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal

28.12.2019 - 31.12.2020

This Emergency Appeal seeks 2 million Swiss francs (CHF) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) to deliver assistance for 12 months and support to 20,000 people affected by Typhoon (TY) Phanfone/Ursula. The appeal focuses on the following sectors: shelter; livelihoods and basic needs; health; WASH; protection; gender and inclusion (PGI); migration; community disaster preparedness and risk reduction; and National Society capacity enhancement. Therein, SDC favours humanitarian assistance to Shelter and WASH sectors.


UNHAS - Amélioration de l'accès aux bénéficiaires au Mali

09.12.2019 - 31.12.2020

Face à l'insécurité dans de nombreuses régions du Mali, seul le service aérien humanitaire des Nations Unies (UNHAS) permet d'accéder aux populations et de ne laisser personne pour compte grâce à un transport sûr et rapide d'acteurs humanitaires et de développement (nationaux/internationaux) et de l'assistance. Cette contribution à UNHAS garantit le suivi-évaluation des programmes suisses, favorise le développement socio-économique des régions et assure le dialogue avec les partenaires sur place.


CISP: Integral Protection and Humanitarian Assistance to border population, displaced persons, returnees and migrants with multi-affectation in Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador

15.11.2019 - 31.01.2021

SDC supports the Comitato Internazionale per lo Sviluppo dei Popoli (CISP) in its efforts to improve living conditions for migrants, returnees, refugees and host communities in need, living mainly along the Colombo-Venezuelan and Colombo-Ecuador borders through increasing the supply of humanitarian assistance, aligned with the Humanitarian Response Plan for Venezuela and priorities of the Governments of Colombia and Ecuador in the domains of protection, health, mental health, nutrition, water and sanitation and access to education.

 


WFP Protection, Accountability to Affected Population, and Inclusion Policy Development

01.11.2019 - 31.12.2020

Implementing the aspiration set out in the WFP Strategic Plan (2017-2021) for a people-centred, needs-driven approach that is guided by a strong commitment to the humanitarian principles calls for strengthening the integration of Protection and AAP throughout WFP’s operations. Therefore, WFP has started implementing a new Protection, AAP and Inclusion strategy, with the aim to inform the development of a new Protection Policy by early 2021.This project intends to further support this ambitious endeavour.


CRC: Integration of migrants and host communities in Cali

01.11.2019 - 31.01.2021

SDC will support the Colombian Red Cross (Cruz Roja Colombiana, CRC) in improving cultural and socioeconomic integration of Venezuelan migrants, Colombian returnees and vulnerable host communities in Cali. This project will work on the nexus between responding to humanitarian needs and building conditions for socioeconomic stabilization among migrants, returnees and vulnerable population. It will take place in a context of protection risks especially for women, youngsters and children associated to illegal economies and armed actors.


CMR : DRC Réponse protection Adamaoua

16.05.2019 - 30.04.2020

Avec cette contribution au projet de DRC, la DDC poursuit son engagement à la protection des populations affectées dans la région de l'Adamaoua à l'est du Cameroun (frontière RCA), par le renforcement de l'environnement protecteur et l'amélioration des moyens d'existence des communautées et des individus les plus vulnérables ; tout en réduisant l'exposition aux risques de protection des enfants en améliorant leur accès à l'éducation. 


HI: ACTIVA – Integrated mine action in Cauca and Nariño

15.05.2019 - 31.01.2021

SDC will support Humanity & Inclusion (HI) in contributing to peace, early recovery and socioeconomic development of indigenous, peasant and afro-descendant communities in the departments of Cauca and Nariño, under the Government Stabilization Policy. The focus of the third phase will be on a comprehensive approach (mine risk education, humanitarian demining, victim rehabilitation and advocacy) that involves recovery of community economies and infrastructure. It will bring a broader impact and better cost-efficiency relationship.


International Humanitarian Law, Security Sector Governance and Leadership in Transition

15.03.2019 - 31.12.2019

The project aims to increase the capacities of middle-ranked officers of the Myanmar Defence Forces to (1) drive forward reforms which improve the adherence of the Myanmar Defence Forces to Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law, (2) to improve protection of civilians in armed conflict and (3) to support reforms towards democratic control of armed forces.

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