Les bouleversements politiques de 2011 ont ouvert la voie à un processus de transition de longue haleine, à l’issue incertaine, en Afrique du Nord. L’engagement de la Suisse vise surtout à accompagner ces pays dans leur transition politique, économique et sociale. Les projets sont donc axés sur la démocratie et les droits de l’homme, sur un développement économique et des emplois durables et inclusifs et sur les enjeux de migration et de protection.

 

© DFAE

L’Afrique du Nord se compose de pays aux profils très différents qui, de par leur importance géopolitique et leur proximité avec l’Europe, sont autant de partenaires importants pour la Suisse. Tous ces pays font face aux mêmes difficultés: chômage élevé, en particulier chez les jeunes et les femmes, corruption, disparités régionales et exclusion politique, économique et sociale. La sécurité précaire, la stagnation de l’économie et les forts flux migratoires complètent le tableau.

Transition démocratique et droits de l’homme

La Suisse contribue à promouvoir l’état de droit, les droits de l’homme, le dialogue politique et la société civile. En Tunisie, elle a soutenu les élections depuis 2011 et mis à disposition des experts en droit constitutionnel. La Suisse aide par ailleurs la Tunisie et l’Egypte à surmonter leur passé et accompagne les organismes publics dans leurs efforts vers plus de transparence.

Réformes de l’Etat et de l’économie

Engagement dans des contextes fragiles et prévention de conflits

Développement économique et emplois durables et inclusifs

Par des projets innovants et pragmatiques, la Suisse contribue à l’amélioration des perspectives économiques. L’objectif est de renforcer la compétitivité internationale et d’optimiser les conditions encadrant les activités économiques. La Suisse partage son expérience en matière de formation professionnelle et encourage une gestion durable des ressources naturelles. La DDC soutient ainsi depuis 2012 la modernisation du secteur d’approvisionnement en eau et de traitement des eaux usées dans le cadre d’un projet à Assouan, l’un des gouvernorats (provinces) les plus défavorisés d’Egypte. Le projet concerne les 100 000 habitants du quartier d’El-Nassereya, où un réservoir d’une capacité de 2000 m3 a été construit.

Éducation de base et formation professionnelle

Développement du secteur privé et services financiers

Migration et protection

L’Afrique du Nord est traditionnellement marquée par de nombreux flux migratoires:
fuyant le marasme économique et les conflits, des individus se déplacent dans leur pays, dans la région, et vers l’Europe. Bon nombre de ces migrants sont victimes de violences et d’exploitation. La Suisse travaille avec les autorités locales, les diasporas et des organisations internationales et bilatérales, protège et soutient les migrants menacés, les réfugiés et les victimes de traite des êtres humains et défend leurs droits. Par l’intermédiaire du Croissant-Rouge tunisien, elle fournit une aide d’urgence aux réfugiés secourus en mer et aux migrants en camps de transit.

Migration

Histoire de la coopération

Depuis 2011, l’engagement de la Suisse en Afrique du Nord est déployé dans le cadre d’une approche interdépartementale par la Direction pour le développement et la coopération (DDC), la Direction politique du DFAE, la Division Sécurité Humaine (DSH), le Secrétariat d’État à l’économie (SECO) et le Secrétariat d’État aux migrations (SEM). La Suisse concentre son action sur trois priorités thématiques: transition démocratique et droits de l’homme, développement économique et emplois durables et inclusifs ainsi que migration et protection. En Égypte et en Tunisie, la Suisse est active dans ces trois domaines. Elle est présente au Maroc par le biais d’un programme plus restreint, et elle fournit une aide humanitaire en Libye et en Algérie. En Libye, elle œuvre également pour la promotion de la paix.

Liens

Documents

Projets Égypte

Objet 1 – 12 de 26

Agir ensemble le long du Nil à travers la musique et l'éducation

Musiciens du Nile Project sur un bateau.

01.05.2015 - 30.11.2020

La DDC soutient dans le bassin du Nil un projet innovant autour de la musique et de l'éducation. A travers le «Nile Project», les populations des onze pays traversés par le fleuve sont invitées à considérer ce dernier comme un écosystème à partager. Des artistes, étudiants et citoyens s'impliquent. Les concerts donnés dans le cadre du projet depuis 2013 ont attiré un vaste public. Des initiatives développées par les étudiants prônent une utilisation plus rationnelle de l’eau du Nil.

Pays/région Thème Période Budget
Egypte
Culture / sensibilisation por le développement
Emploi & développement économique
Education
Changement climatique & environnement
Gender
Governance
Migration
Autre
Formation professionelle
Droits de la personne
État de droit - démocratie - droits de l’homme
Culture & loisirs
Développement de petites et moyennes entreprises
Politique d'éducation
Réduction des risques de catastrophes
Organisations et institutions pour l'égalité des femmes
Participation démocratique et société civile
Technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC)
Migration en général (développement et partenariats)
Secteur non spécifié
Sensibilisation au développement
Soutien commerciale & inclusion économique
Politique de l’environnement
Politique du secteur publique
Formation professionnelle
Protection de la biosphère
Développement des systèmes légaux et judiciaires
Droits de la personne (y compris droits des femmes)

01.05.2015 - 30.11.2020


CHF 750'000



Projet planifié

Inclusive Green Growth in Egypt

01.01.2024 - 31.08.2028

Egypt is facing economic challenges among which high poverty and high unemployment rates impact the most marginalized to a greater degree. This new program contributes to an innovative and inclusive development approach to promote the green economy[1] through utilizing agricultural waste and other untapped profitable green resources to make use and leverage local resources to strengthen the livelihoods of vulnerable communities in Upper Egypt and create jobs.

 

[1] For more information regarding green economy, please see Annex 2: Green Economy and growth: challenges and opportunities


Projet planifié

Strengthening the capacities of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) serving migrants in Egypt

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2024

In Egypt, Community Based Organizations (CBOs) are the key actors in responding to migrant’s basic needs. The aim of this program is to strengthen the CBOs through organizational capacity development and network building. This will lead to sustainable services for migrants and empower the CBOs to advocate for migrant’s needs in the donor community and with decision makers.


IGGE : Inclusive Green Growth in Egypt

01.09.2019 - 31.12.2023

The main barriers to the competitiveness of the total 2.5 million micro-small-medium enterprises in Egypt are a lack of affordable funding and a mismatch between the needs of the market and the skills available. With its proven expertise in micro-small-medium enterprises Switzerland supports economic growth and more efficient use of resources in Upper Egypt through the model of green economy such as utilizing agricultural waste to create jobs and strengthen livelihoods of communities.


Enhance employability of migrants in Urban Cairo

01.07.2019 - 31.08.2022

Food-processing and the food service sector is ranked as Egypt’s second largest manufacturing industry This project supports the employability of vulnerable Egyptians and migrants, especially women, in the food sector.


Egyptian Red Crescent: Providing primary health care services to migrants and Egyptians in Greater Cairo

01.12.2018 - 30.11.2020

Access to public primary health care for migrants and Egyptians is a serious challenge. By the means of two “Mobile Clinics”, the project will answer to immediate medical needs of migrants and Egyptians in Greater Cairo. Advocacy on protection and health issues among decision makers will contribute to filling the gaps in service delivery. Thanks to its experience and ongoing engagement in health and protection in Egypt, Switzerland is well placed to provide early recovery and self-resilience interventions.


Appui à la résilience de l’élevage pastoral en Afrique de l’Ouest

01.10.2018 - 30.09.2021

L’Afrique de l’Ouest connait une crise alimentaire qui touche environ 10 millions de personnes dont beaucoup d’éleveurs. Les plans de réponse des Etats et des institutions régionales ne mettent pas assez l’accent sur les éleveurs. Ce programme fournira une aide d’urgence à 174’240 éleveurs vulnérables de la région et améliorera les outils de distribution de l’aide dans les mécanismes régionaux et nationaux de gestion de crises alimentaire. Il réduira les conflits, en limitant les transhumances précoces.


Strengthening the capacities of Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) serving migrants in Egypt

15.04.2018 - 30.11.2021

In Egypt, Community Based Organisations (CBOs) are key actors in responding to migrant’s[1] basic needs. These include child and adult education, emergency assistance, medical and legal services. The project strengthens the ability of these organisations to provide these much-needed services. Moreover, CBOs will be empowered to advocate for migrant’s needs in the donor community and with decision makers. Reliable and sustainable services for migrants in Egypt also serve the migration interests of Switzerland.

 

[1]  The term migrant in this proposal includes refugees, asylum seekers, new arrivals in the “pre-refugee status determination phase”, (all nationalities identified by UNHCR) and vulnerable migrants (irregular and regular) residing in Egypt.

 



Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2027

Egypt is a water scarce country and has enormous needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption, as a prerequisite for inclusive economic development. This programme contributes to improved potable water management and service provision in the targeted affiliated Water & Wastewater Companies (WWCs) and to providing equal access to a reliable potable water supply system to deprived and informal areas in the economically disadvantaged governorates of Upper Egypt.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt – Phase 1

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Egypt is a water scarce country and has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption. Switzerland can share its know-how in the water sector. This programme contributes to equitable access to safely managed water to deprived and informal settlement areas in the economically disadvantaged governorate of Aswan in Upper Egypt and to improved potable water management and service provision in Aswan Water & Sanitation Company (AWSC).


Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership (GWSP) - Phase II

01.11.2019 - 30.06.2023

The GWSP is a leading global "think tank" of the World Bank to address the water and sanitation challenge in an integrated manner, as set out in the Sustainable Development Goals. GWSP advances innovative global knowledge production and exchange as well as builds capacity through country-level support across regions.

Objet 1 – 12 de 26

Projets Libye

Objet 1 – 3 de 3

  • 1

ACTED: Strengthening humanitarian coordination and access to safe and dignified protection in Libya

01.02.2019 - 31.01.2020

Through the current intervention, ACTED will adopt a twofold approach aiming to contribute to strengthen the response to protection cases in Libya through enhanced coordination and provision of cash assistance. On the one hand, ACTED will strengthen response capacities through the distribution of one-off cash grants based on ongoing protection monitoring activities. On the other hand, the project will support the voices of INGOs in the humanitarian coordination structure, by developing the activities of the INGO Forum.


North Africa Cultural Programme (NACP), Phase 1

15.12.2018 - 14.03.2022

By developing a Regional Cultural Programme, Switzerland seeks to facilitate intercultural dialogue and exchange as a foundation for peace and conflict sensitive development in North Africa and to foster artistic expression as a driver of change in support to the challenges of transition. This will promote peaceful coexistence, political stability and social cohesion in North Africa, hence providing a contribution to the prevention of violent extremism and alternatives for the fulfillment of North African youth in their own societies.


North Africa Cultural Programme

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2025

Le programme fournit un cadre pour un appui à la Culture comme vecteur d’échanges et de dialogue entre les personnes et les sociétés civiles en Afrique du Nord. Il contribue aux processus de transition politique, à la création d’opportunités de développement économique et à une vision positive de la migration. Il renforce la capacité des peuples d’Afrique du Nord à mettre en valeur leur patrimoine et aux jeunes de la région à exprimer pacifiquement leurs aspiration et leur inventivité.

Objet 1 – 3 de 3

  • 1

Projets Maroc

Objet 1 – 11 de 11

  • 1

North Africa Cultural Programme (NACP), Phase 1

15.12.2018 - 14.03.2022

By developing a Regional Cultural Programme, Switzerland seeks to facilitate intercultural dialogue and exchange as a foundation for peace and conflict sensitive development in North Africa and to foster artistic expression as a driver of change in support to the challenges of transition. This will promote peaceful coexistence, political stability and social cohesion in North Africa, hence providing a contribution to the prevention of violent extremism and alternatives for the fulfillment of North African youth in their own societies.


ASAP-M : Appui Suisse aux Associations Professionnelles au Maroc

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2020

Le projet ASAP-M phase 2 accompagne cinq Associations Professionnelles au Maroc, pour l’amélioration de leurs prestations envers les membres afin d’augmenter la performance des Micro, Petites et Moyennes Entreprises en termes de compétitivité, revenu et emploi. L’intervention se concentre  sur les deux régions les plus pauvres au Maroc - Beni Mellal Khénifra et Drâa Tafilalet - dans le but d’accompagner la mise en œuvre de la régionalisation avancée.


North Africa Cultural Programme

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2025

Le programme fournit un cadre pour un appui à la Culture comme vecteur d’échanges et de dialogue entre les personnes et les sociétés civiles en Afrique du Nord. Il contribue aux processus de transition politique, à la création d’opportunités de développement économique et à une vision positive de la migration. Il renforce la capacité des peuples d’Afrique du Nord à mettre en valeur leur patrimoine et aux jeunes de la région à exprimer pacifiquement leurs aspiration et leur inventivité.


Projet Oriental Protection Migrants Maroc

01.01.2017 - 31.03.2018

Morocco is a country of transit and destination for migrants and refugees, 20’000 of which live on the margins of society, despite the 2014 adopted first ever migration strategy, promising the respect of human rights and access to public services. The “Projet Oriental” facilitates access to health care and provides humanitarian support to 5’600 vulnerable migrants per year and coaches public and civil society service providers to care for the specific needs of the migrants.


Sustainable tourism in Morocco

01.09.2019 - 31.03.2025

The first phase of this project in Morocco aims at supporting the provinces of Azilal and Béni Mellal to develop a sustainable rural tourism with integrated sectors in order to reduce poverty, generate income opportunities, create new jobs and improve existing jobs in this region, especially for young people and women.


IFC Sustainable Cities Platform

01.12.2018 - 30.11.2023

The availability and quality of urban infrastructure and related services constitute an essential basis for enhancing competitiveness, reducing poverty and environmental and climate change impacts.


MENA Financial Inclusion: Women Banking Champions Program

16.10.2017 - 30.09.2021

The Women Banking Champions Program aims at increasing access to financial services for women and women entrepreneurs in the Middle East and North Africa region through the provision of advisory services to financial institutions (banks and microfinance institutions). It is a contribution to SECO/WE's inclusive and sustainable growth mandate.


EBRD Economic Inclusion MENA

01.10.2017 - 01.10.2020

Around specific investments the project seeks to equip workers with the necessary skills to get employed. It fosters the inclusion agenda in Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan and Morocco by targeting specifically youth, gender and people from disadvantaged regions.


World Bank City Resilience Program

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

The City Resilience Program is a project preparation facility, which aims to enhance capacity and consolidate city engagement on urban resilience.It will support the establishment of comprehensive engagements in selected cities as well as the foundation of strategic partnerships in order to unlock new sources of capital for building up resilience.


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


Global program on Textil & Clothing - GTEX

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2021

GTEX addresses challenges faced by the Textile & Clothing (T&C) sector, in particular for companies to meet international market requirements. It will enhance capacities at company level, promote a conducive policy environment and strengthen trade support institutions such as business entities, consultancy firms or training centres.

Objet 1 – 11 de 11

  • 1

Projets Tunisie

Objet 13 – 24 de 25

Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility, 2018-2022

01.05.2018 - 30.06.2022

The Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility is a World-Bank managed, multi-donor technical assistance facility aimed at creating an enabling environment for private sector investment in infrastructure, with the ultimate aim of improving lives through a better access to quality infrastructure services.


Global Program for Intellectual Property Rights

01.03.2018 - 31.12.2024

Intellectual Property (IP) regimes are central to promoting innovation and the development of new goods, services and production methods. IP provides the incentive necessary to pursue further research and development, and creative works. Insofar, it is part of a sound foundation for a prosperous private sector and today's world trade system.


MENA Financial Inclusion: Women Banking Champions Program

16.10.2017 - 30.09.2021

The Women Banking Champions Program aims at increasing access to financial services for women and women entrepreneurs in the Middle East and North Africa region through the provision of advisory services to financial institutions (banks and microfinance institutions). It is a contribution to SECO/WE's inclusive and sustainable growth mandate.


Sustaining Competitive and Responsible Enterprises SCORE, Phase III

01.10.2017 - 31.12.2021

SCORE is one of SECO's flagship programmes to foster more & better jobs in small and medium enterprises (SME) in partner countries. SCORE provides on-the-job training for workers and managers to improve productivity and working conditions in SMEs and help them to participate in global supply chains. SCORE is a joint programme with Norway and ILO.


EBRD Economic Inclusion MENA

01.10.2017 - 01.10.2020

Around specific investments the project seeks to equip workers with the necessary skills to get employed. It fosters the inclusion agenda in Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan and Morocco by targeting specifically youth, gender and people from disadvantaged regions.


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


Global program on Textil & Clothing - GTEX

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2021

GTEX addresses challenges faced by the Textile & Clothing (T&C) sector, in particular for companies to meet international market requirements. It will enhance capacities at company level, promote a conducive policy environment and strengthen trade support institutions such as business entities, consultancy firms or training centres.


Strengthening governance and public financial management

01.11.2016 - 30.09.2022

This Program supports the government of Tunisia at the national and subnational level to improve its governance, public financial management (PFM) and public investment management. Legal and institutional reforms are combined with sustainable capacity building to improve government efficiency, effectiveness and transparency.


Urban development Sousse and secondary cities

01.12.2015 - 31.12.2021

This project aims at supporting the Municipality of Sousse in the implementation of the "Urban Development Strategy of the City of Sousse", by providing financial and knowledge support to plan the development of the third city of Tunisia in a sustainable way.


Water sanitation in 10 medium-sized cities

01.04.2015 - 30.06.2022

This program includes the construction and expansion of existing sewerage systems and the construction of waste water treatment plants (WWTP) in medium-sized cities in Tunisia. It is planned to dedicate the Swiss financing for the construction of the WWTP in Tajérouine, for complementary measures and for the implementation consultant.


World Bank Capital Markets Strenghtening Facility

01.01.2015 - 30.06.2021

The Capital Markets Strengthening Facility is an innovative cross-cutting initiative with the overall objective to develop stable and resilient capital markets and to facilitate long-term local currency financing for sectors critical for economic growth and poverty reduction. SECO?s funds are earmarked to its priority countries in the "South".


Sanad Fund

01.01.2014 - 31.03.2028

The Sanad Fund is an investment vehicle, that provides debt and equity financing to banks and microfinance institutions. The ultimate beneficiaries are micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The Middle East and North African region is the main target region of the Sanad Fund.

Objet 13 – 24 de 25