East African Migration Routes Project EAMRP (Phase 1)
With a regional migration program, Switzerland contributes to better protection, otovÏde livelihood perspectives and promote adequate policies for children and youth along the migration route in Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt, Different SQ(ss and non-States actors are strengthened t) betty respond te mig-ant children end youth' s needs, address their risks to exploitation, and violence. This programme builds on the linK between international cooperation and migration policy in priority
Forced displacement (refugees, IDP, human trafficking)
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)
Basic life skills
- Other international or foreign NGO North
- Save the Children Federation
In East Africa and Horn of Africa, migrants mainly follow three migration routes:
a) Southbound towards South Africa( via Kenya)
b) Eastbound route across the Red Sea towards Gulf/Saudi Arabia
c) North route towards Mediterraneen SeajEurope.
Migration is a core coping strategy for many children and youth in East Africa, including the Horn of Africa (HOA), due to climate change; political transitions, conflicts: such as the current conflict in the Tigray region, poor education and livelihood opportunities and high population density.
|Objectives||Countries (Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan) along the East African Migration Routes adopt policies which include the regional dimensions of migration phenomenon and develop adequate organizational capacities among state and non-state actors to ensure protection of children youth and enable their self-reliance in vulnerable displacement situations.|
Direct across the 3 countries (Eqypt, Ethiopia and Sudan): This project will target children (under 18 years of age) and youth (up to-24 years of age). 80% of the targeted population are of migrant communities and 20% persons from host communities.
Direct beneficiaries coverinq 3 countries: 26,901 (13873 females and 13028 males).
Indirect beneficiaries coverinq 3 countries: Approximately 210000 of migrants and host communities
Outcome 1 (Beneficiaries): Children an youth in vulnerable situations hawe right respected and possess sound self-relianc capacities that allow them cc their lif perspectives.
Outcome 2 (Organizations): National and community organisations provide effective protection and life self-reliance support services for children and youth.
Outcome 3 (Policies): Migration policies and strategies are inclusive and needs focused, addressing the vulnerabilities of children and youth through holistic protection protocols and treating support for self-reliance.
Outcome 4 (Swiss WOGA): Switzerland learns from and strengthens its profile on protection of children and youth in vulnerable displacement situations end promotes the corresponding agendas in national and regional coordination and policy fora.
Output 1: Vulnerable children and youth on the move have enhanced protection and increased resilience capacities through a set of context-specific protection and resilience building interventions.
Output 2: National and local public entities, civil society, and community-based organisations are trained and coached to provide age and gender-sensitive assistance ane protection to children on the move.
Output 3: Regional advocacy efforts and technical leadership to support the development and reinforcement of cross-border and regional migration policies and route hasecl strategies.
Output 4: Evidence of project results and learning shared in national and regional coordination and policy fora to promote the protection agenda for children and youth ori the move.
Results from previous phases:
During the inception phase (April 2019 — February 2021), a context specific intervention strategy was designed, target groups were identified, ant specific field of works were selected (urban rather than rural).
In Egypt Ethiopia and Sudan, big cities (Khartoum/River Nile State — Addis Ababa — Greater Cairo) are the main migration nubs for Children and youth on the move Tnere a lack of comprehensive oate analytics on migration a: bow country and regional levels which impacts on tne capacities of state and ron-stats sectors to design relevant responses. Very limited support and protection services are available in the big urban migration hubs (e.g. Addis, Khartoum). There are significant discrepancies between countries of the region in the way they respond to child migration, their policies and capacities to address protection concerns for children and youth. Child protection legislation is in place, but it does TCI explicitly target migrant children, failing therefore to recognise their specific risks and needs. As a result, the protectjcn of child rights falts short in the targeted especially in Egypt Sudan, with domestic migration legislation and policy, often insufficiently child-focused.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
International or foreign NGO
|Coordination with other projects and actors||
UNICEF; IOM; UNHCR; SCI RCPN Save the Children Regional Child Protection Network; ReDSS Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat; 'GAD-Intergovernmental Authority on Development comprising seven countries in the Horn of Africa; MMC Mixed Migration Cent/e MOHP Ministry of Health and Population SDC Networks Global Program Migration and Development GPMD; Gender network; Decentralization
Democratization Local governance network DDLGN; Fragility Conflict&Human Rights
West African Migration Route project
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 12'042'300 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 3'219'801 Budget inclusive project partner CHF 9'660'000|
|Project phases||Phase 1 01.01.2019 - 31.01.2024 (Current phase)|