Reconstruction and rehabilitation

Engineers on a reconstruction site in Nepal.
The SDC provided emergency aid to the survivors of the 2015 earthquake in Nepal and is helping the Nepalese authorities to lay the foundation for safer reconstruction efforts. © SDC

The aim of the reconstruction phase is to restore the living conditions of disaster-stricken communities. The SDC’s humanitarian experts help the victims overcome the effects of war or natural disasters through lasting improvements that lead to better housing, infrastructure and income-generating opportunities.

SDC focus

The Humanitarian Aid of SDC has a long and solid experience in the field of reconstruction and rehabilitation. Post-disaster reconstruction efforts encompass both material reconstruction and the social and economic recovery of the affected communities. The projects involve the renovation of public buildings (schools, hospitals, roads, bridges) and damaged homes as well as the restoration of water supply systems. Humanitarian action also aims, when circumstances allow it, to restore local economic activity and guarantee the social protection of victims in order to enable them to meet their needs independently.

The Humanitarian Aid of SDC pursues two main objectives: to strengthen the skills and capabilities of aid recipients and to ensure that its activities produce sustainable results. The reconstruction phase is often an opportunity for joint humanitarian aid and development cooperation efforts.

Background

After a disaster – and indeed during normal times – an individual’s standard of living is determined by various factors such as their housing conditions, income, health and the quality of the food they consume. The living conditions of the most vulnerable communities can be significantly improved by restoring their access to basic necessities (water, sanitation and hygiene, arable land, livestock) and by repairing roads and bridges. Furthermore, restoring income-generating activities lays the groundwork for much-needed social and political stability.

It is therefore crucially important to ensure that plans made at the beginning of a reconstruction phase be accurate and aligned with needs identified on the ground. Collaboration with the local authorities at this stage is essential to ensure that the aid provided yields sustainable results.

Reconstruction activities also require a major coordination effort between local and international humanitarian and development organisations. Ideally, donors and partners should agree to divide tasks so as to make the most efficient use of available financial resources.

Current projects

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Rehabilitation of schools in northern Lebanon

The rehabilitated schools are providing a better learning environment for Lebanese as well as Syrian pupils. © SDC

16.11.2015 - 30.11.2019

Following the rehabilitation of 28 schools in northern Lebanon in the first phases of the project, the SDC is expanding its engagement to 24 other schools in the same region. The rehabilitation works are being carried out in cooperation with the Lebanese authorities to help them cope with the large influx of refugee children from Syria.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Lebanon
Education
Humanitarian Assistance & DRR
Other
Primary education
Education facilities and training
Reconstruction and rehabilitation (till 2016)
Sector not specified

16.11.2015 - 30.11.2019


CHF 3'690'000



Ecuador, Technical Support in Earthquake Resistant Reconstruction

18.10.2016 - 31.12.2018

An earthquake of the magnitude of 7.8 (Richter scale) hit Northern Ecuador, on 16 April 2016. Damages were widespread, collapsing structures within hundreds of km’s from the epicenter. Following SDC/HA’s emergency and early recovery interventions, SHA will provide the Ecuadorian government with technical support in capacity building on earthquake resistant construction, capitalizing SDC’s experiences from Pakistan and Haiti.


Contribution to Rural Housing Reconstruction Project (RHRP)

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020

Rural households affected by the earthquake of April 25, 2015, especially from disadvantaged groups, will rebuild earthquake resistant houses through the RHRP, the Government’s lead project for housing reconstruction. With a total contribution of 7 million CHF, the Swiss support through a Multi-Donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank, will enable an additional 3’500 rural households to rebuild. The contribution will be complemented by technical assistance through secondments and experts provided also by SDC/HA.


Contribution to Rural Housing Reconstruction Project (RHRP)

11.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

Rural households affected by the earthquake of April 25, 2015, especially from disadvantaged groups, will rebuild earthquake resistant houses through the RHRP, the Government’s lead project for housing reconstruction. The Swiss support through a Multi-Donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank, will enable an additional 2’250 rural households to rebuild. The contribution will be complemented by technical assistance secondments provided by SDC humanitarian aid.


Handicap International: Comprehensive action against Antipersonnel Mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) in three departments of Colombia.

01.08.2015 - 31.05.2017

The five decades running armed conflict in Colombia continues to cause humanitarian needs such as internal displacement, landmine contamination and the recruitment of minors by armed groups. Departments of Nariño, Cauca and Cordoba, by geography serve as strategic corridor to the Pacific and Caribe for the cultivation, production and trafficking of drugs, weapons and illegal mining among others, becoming scenario of social conflicts and armed confrontation. Rural communities in those departments are among the most affected by antipersonnel mines (APM) and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) which generate victims with poor access to physical and psychosocial services, as well as option for social, economic and educational inclusion.


Employment Fund, Phase II

15.07.2015 - 30.06.2020

The earthquakes that struck Nepal in April and May 2015 caused the destruction of 500,000 houses and the damage of 280,000 houses[1]. Nepal does not have sufficient construction workers with knowledge of earthquake resilient technologies. This project will train 3,000 people from the disaster affected districts in reconstruction relevant trades and in the use of earthquake resilient building techniques while 4,000 houses, the trainees own as well as other homes, are built.  

 

[1] Figures provided by the Government of Nepal: http://drrportal.gov.np


Support to Recovery and Reconstruction in Nepal Programme (SRRNP)

05.06.2015 - 31.12.2019

Three major earthquakes left over 8’500 people dead, 3 mio homeless and affected one third of the population in Nepal. Switzerland’s contribution to the recovery and reconstruction efforts will ensure the equitable distribution of services and provisions especially from a gender and social inclusion perspective through, the provision of direct recovery and reconstruction support to the affected people, capacity building of the local government and other service delivery agencies.

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