President Sommaruga stated that "Ethiopia is an anchor of stability in this region." In addition to the civil war in South Sudan, other conflicts, poverty, famine and draught also cause great migration flows within the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is currently granting protection to 720 000 refugees.
Switzerland to increase local aid
"Hosting so many refugees as one of the poorest countries in the world merits much recognition. Switzerland is supporting Ethiopia in this task", said President Sommaruga. Protection in the region is part of Switzerland's regional strategy for the Horn of Africa. In September, the Federal Council decided to increase local aid connected to the crises in Syria, Iraq and the Horn of Africa by CHF 70 million. President Sommaruga announced that Switzerland will contribute CHF 19 million to the Horn of Africa region, of which CHF 6 million will benefit Ethiopia.
In addition, Switzerland and Ethiopia intend to strengthen their bilateral economic ties. Ethiopia is currently Switzerland's most important trade partner in eastern Africa and one of the fastest-growing economies of the continent. President Sommaruga is being accompanied by a delegation of business represetatives, in particular from the clean technology sector.
President Sommaruga and President Mulatu Teshome also discussed federalism and rule of law. Sommaruga stressed the importance of civil society and human rights and stated that strong federal structures necessitate a strong civil society.
On the first day on the official visit, President Sommaruga and her Swiss delegation visited a refugee camp in Jijiga in eastern Ethiopia. Switzerland financially supports the UN World Food Programme, which is active in this camp. There are 12 300 refugees living in the Sheder camp in Jijiga, most of whom are Somalian.
On Sunday at Jijiga University, the Swiss delegation launched a new health project called "One Health", which is being pursued by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute and supported by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). With its innovative approach, this interdisciplinary project intends to improve the health of both humans and animals in the largely agricultural regional state of Somali.
Speech on federalism
During this working visit, President Sommaruga will also be visiting a project in Addis Ababa funded by the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) aimed at offering future prospects to Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia.In addition, President Sommaruga will be giving a speech on federalism in the House of People's Representatives, the Ethiopian Parliament's large chamber. For around 20 years, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, which encompasses 80 ethnic groups and almost 100 different languages, has been developing a federal state model. This model is regarded as one of the main reasons for the country's stability.
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