Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya)

In the Horn of Africa, Switzerland focuses on governance, food security, health, and migration.  It supports projects with a regional approach in Somalia, south-eastern Ethiopia and north-eastern Kenya.

© FDFA

The Horn of Africa has been at the centre of global attention for several decades because of protracted armed conflict, severe food crises and large scale displacement.. .  Local conflicts over access to and share of natural resources are on the increase and the region has the world’s highest maternal and child mortality rates.  This difficult context forces people to migrate and leads to internally displaced persons and refugees. Other the other hand, the region shows positives changes: On the political front, significant progress has been achieved in Somalia since 2012, when a new government took office, creating a new outlook for the entire region.

The current Swiss cooperation strategy Horn of Africa builds on the results that have been achieved in the region and emphasises its commitment in fragile contexts.

Switzerland supports the provision of services and promotes the restoration of trust in state institutions. It also seeks to address the long-term causes of conflict and poverty  and thus promotes conflict transformation and regional integration. The dynamic of the conflicts in Somalia as well as conflicts over power and resources in the region take centre-stage. As part of these efforts, Switzerland has also established since July 2014 a joint partnership with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the only regional organisation in the Horn of Africa (based in Djibouti).

Governance, state- and peacebuilding

Promoting public services and peace dialogue

Together with the Somali authorities and multilateral partners, Switzerland is making a contribution to peace and the delivery of public services (water, health, markets, roads and education) at the local and district administration levels. This helps to restore citizens’ confidence in their local state institutions.  So far the programme has benefited over 800,000 people in Somaliland and 300,000 people in Puntland. Local development funds governed by communities are considered to be a model for fiscal decentralisation. Through political and diplomatic measures, Switzerland is also committed to federalism, state-building and mediation processes.

Advocacy and Good Governance

Food security

Strengthening communities living on arid lands

Arid lands are inhabited by people who live from farming and livestock breeding. They are regularly affected by drought and famine, which also affects their livestock.   Implemented by NGOs and the local private sector, a project combining humanitarian and development instruments is assisting 435,000 people in improving their access to water and grazing areas, and increasing their awareness and capacity in sustainable water and grazing land management.

Agriculture and food security

Health

Improvement of maternal and child health

Through projects and policy dialogue at national and regional levels, Switzerland is contributing to the rehabilitation of subnational and national health systems in Somalia. It also supports the provision of health services for pastoralist families, responding both to human and animal health needs. Twenty-one communities in Somaliland have already declared that they no longer practice female genital mutilation and support has been provided to community midwifery schools across the country.

Health

Migration

Better protection and perspectives for displaced persons and perspectives

A significant number of migrants transit the Horn of Africa every year. These vulnerable groups requiring particular protection include refugees, IDPs, asylum seekers, as well as people who have been trafficked and those looking for a better life for themselves and their families. Switzerland contributes to addressing specific protection needs for vulnerable migrants and their host communities through capacity building, awareness-raising, training government officials, improving infrastructure and emergency assistance. In order to give refugees a longer-term prospect, SDC supports vocational skills development activities and business development in the Kakuma refugee camp and in its surrounding host communities.

Migration

Approach and partners

Switzerland takes a holistic approach by combining humanitarian aid, development cooperation, political and diplomatic measures as well as migration and security instruments. It works using a number of modalities and with various partners:

  • Swiss NGOs and institutions: Vétérinaires Sans Frontières, Swisscontact, Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Swiss Kalmo
  • Ministries, provincial, district and local administrations, IGAD (regoinal and national instruments such as local development funds and the "New Deal" fund)
  • International and local NGOs and institutions: e.g. , Jijiga University, Refugee Consortium of Kenya, Médecins du Monde France, Save the Children
  • Local private sector
  • Donor countries: e.g. Germany (GiZ), Denmark (DANIDA), Norway and Sweden (SIDA) (delegated cooperation agreements in part)
  • ICRC, FAO, UNDP, UNHCR, WFP, OCHA, WHO(multilateral instruments)

Transversal themes

According to its gender policy, Switzerland takes gender-related issues into account and promotes equality between men and women in all its projects. It is also committed to an accountable system of public resources allocation. Conflict-sensitive tools and analyses supporting positive conflict transformation are applied.

History of cooperation

Switzerland’s long-term commitment

Switzerland has been providing assistance to the Greater Horn of Africa since the 1990s. Since 2013, the Horn of Africa is a priority region for SDC.  The current cooperation strategy (2018-2021) has a total budget of CHF 169 million (98% from SDC). The  Swiss embassies in Kenya and Ethiopia coordinate the actors of the Swiss Government responsible for the implementation of the strategy. The Embassy in Ethiopia acts as the main interlocutor with IGAD.

Current projects

Object 25 – 36 of 72

Enhancing security coordination and local contextual understanding to increase humanitarian access

01.12.2018 - 30.11.2020

This project aims at enhancing security coordination and local contextual understanding to increase humanitarian access to insecure locations both inside and outside of Protection of Civilian (PoC) sites. Through enhanced understanding of the context, operational threats can be better mitigated by NGOs, facilitating scale-up of programme and service delivery to the affected population in South Sudan’s Upper Nile and Unity States.


Reducing the Prevalence and Impact of Violence in Western Equatoria

01.11.2018 - 31.08.2020

Nonviolent Peaceforce’s (NP) intervention in Mundri County, Western Equatoria State is aimed at reducing the prevalence and impact of violence. Key activities will include conducting patrols in risky areas, protective accompaniments, advocacy, conducting trainings workshops, awareness raising activities etc. Through this intervention, Switzerland contributes to creating sustainable grassroots-led peaceful solutions to conflict, promotion of Human Rights, SGBV prevention and response among conflict affected communities.


Somalia - Support to the Durable Solutions Initiative (DSI)

01.10.2018 - 30.09.2020

In Somalia, more than 2.6 mio people are internally displaced. Switzerland contributes to the provision of durable solutions for these people in the region by enhancing the awareness and the capacity of all relevant humanitarian, development and state-building actors under the leadership of the Somali Government. By addressing the underlying causes of protracted displacement, the affected people are offered the perspective of integration and self-reliance rather than migration.


Building Regional and National capacities for improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region

01.10.2018 - 31.12.2021

The Horn of Africa is of high interest for Switzerland in terms of migration policy. Swiss support to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its Member States will contribute to improve their capacities to manage migration. Migrants and refugees will be better protected in the region and the contribution of migration to development of the Horn of Africa will be supported, hence stability promoted. The Swiss expertise and engagement at the policy level will contribute to foster a dialogue on migration between Switzerland and the Horn of Africa.


Somalia - UN Joint Programme on Local Governance and Decentralized Service Delivery (JPLG)

01.09.2018 - 31.12.2021

After two decades of civil war and the following establishment of an internationally recognised federal government of Somalia in 2012, the UN Joint Programme for Local Governance and Decentralised Service Delivery (JPLG) supports the building up of more effective, accountable and inclusive local governance systems. Focusing on improved regulatory frameworks, enhanced public service delivery, and civic engagement, SDC contributes to enhanced state legitimacy, peacebuilding and more equitable access to public service well-being for all citizens, aiming thereby at more stability in the Horn of Africa.


Somalia - Inclusive and accountable governance

01.08.2018 - 31.08.2020

In 2012, a comprehensive state-building process along federalist principles started in Somalia. Switzerland will contribute to a more inclusive, accountable and equitable governance system by focusing on the constitutional review process and strengthening the parliamentarians’ capacities. It will promote knowledge sharing, exchange of Somali, Swiss and international expertise, and public discourse to foster Somali-owned governance arrangement.


Planned project

Somalia - Inclusive and accountable governance

01.07.2018 - 30.06.2026

In 2012, a comprehensive state-building process along federalist principles started in Somalia. The project will contribute to a more inclusive, accountable and equitable governance system by focusing on the constitutional review process and strengthening the parliamentarians’ capacities. It will promote knowledge sharing, exchange of Somali, Swiss and international expertise, and public discourse to foster Somali-led and owned governance arrangements.


Reducing Food Losses through Improved Post Harvest Management in Ethiopia

01.07.2018 - 31.12.2022

Ethiopia continues to experience high post-harvest losses around 30% annually due to inappropriate use of technologies and mal-practices. Building up on the success stories and knowledge gained from SDC’s long-term engagement in post-harvest management and lessons learnt from the first phase, the second phase aims at promoting affordable and effective on-farm storage technologies and management practices to reduce post-harvest losses for smallholder farmers in Ethiopia.


Strengthening livestock sector in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) Counties of Kenya

01.05.2018 - 30.04.2024

Around 60% of the population in the arid and semi-arid lands of Northern Eastern Kenya Counties live in abject poverty and are almost entirely dependent on livestock production for their livelihoods in an environment that is characterized by droughts and resource based conflicts. This programme will support these Counties to enhance livestock production by strengthening key factors such as fodder production, animal health, etc. and by strengthening the institutions to more effectively deliver relevant services and reduce conflicts. 


Eritrea UNDP Skills and Migration Project

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2019

The Swiss Development Cooperation will contribute to the second phase of this UNDP project aiming at expanding economic opportunities for youth through skills development and improving the enabling environment for employment creation and business.  In parallel, the project supports the Eritrean Government in improving its migration governance capacities. 


Grain Post-Harvest Loss Prevention (GPLP)

01.11.2017 - 31.03.2020

GPLP aims at improving food security and income of small holder men and women farmers in the Central Corridor of Tanzania by addressing major constraints in post-harvest practice, access to improved technologies and adoption, knowledge sharing and related policies. Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation is implementing GPLP using a market system development approach and working through multi-stakeholder partnerships with private sector and public organizations. This is the second and exit phase of GPLP.


Eritrea Vocational Skills Training

01.10.2017 - 31.12.2019

The Swiss Development Cooperation will implement in this pilot phase 2 projects in vocational skills training in Eritrea. One project is designed as a contribution to ongoing projects of Don Bosco, the other to a project of the “Schweizerisches Unterstützungskomitee für Eritrea. The objectives of the phase are: (i) enhancing the training of teachers and increasing numbers of students having access to trainings and (ii) building a relation of trust with the Eritrean authorities in order to open a broader policy dialogue between the two countries

Object 25 – 36 of 72