Swiss-South Sudan Water Project – 2nd phase: Improved access to safe water, capacity building and water resource management
Due to the high number of returnee during the last few years especially in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, the pressure on the infrastructure in general and the water resources has increased, leading to a high conflict potential between the two main ethnic groups (Dinka and Misseriya).
The water supply systems are weak:
- 69% have access to safe water
- 2.7% have access to improved sanitation.
Huge health hazards:
- Cholera cutbreaks endemic
- High malnutrition rates (8% SAM, GAM>20%) connected to dysentery and diarrhea and typhoid)
- Frequent pneumonia and malaria
As any other sector in Southern Sudan, also the water sector remains very weak in terms of capacities and infrastructure, be it in terms of emergency response or rehabilitation / build up of water systems
Trinkwasser und Siedlungshygiene (WASH) (bis 2016)
Einsparung von Wasserressourcen
Since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, Southern Sudan is shifting from an emergency towards a recovery / development context. However, Southern Sudan struggles with a very fragile context.
- Crucial for Southern Sudan’s peaceful future are linked to (1) the negotiations on the post-referendum issues, such as wealth and natural ressources sharing (oil, water for cattle), citizenship, security; (2) the safe and sustainable return of some 2.5 million displaced people, (3) the continuous interethnic violence as well as (4) the creation of functioning state structures.
- Improve health and livelihood of population in Northern Bar el Ghazal state.
- Reduce conflict potential about access to water in Northern Bar el Ghazal state.
- 20’000 households (100’000 persons out of 1.2 million inhabitants of NBeG)
- Focus on returnees, IDPs and victims of violence
- Women and children
- Focus on most neglected communities living in remote areas without access to water during the rainy season
- Cattle water demand is taken into consideration
- Dpt. for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (DRWSS)
- WES emergency preparedness and response systems improved (phase 1) and run by state government (phase 2)
- Increased access to water and sanitation and improved quality of water supply
- State water authority is capable of planning, executing and monitoring rural water supply and sanitation in NBeG state
- State water authority has a water resource management capacity, including basic monitoring equipment, data processing, mapping tools and knowledge.
- 1.1 State authorities are trained and have coordinating role in EP& R
- 2.1 O&M system in place
- 2.2 Spare part supply chain in place
- 2.3 Rehabilitation component in place/WES teams trained
- 2.4 Additional drilling capacity introduced to NBeG
- 3.1 State and county personnel trained in all WES activities
- 4.1 Water resource management established within the State government
- With the completion of the first phase, SDC is better prepared now to respond to an emergency in the WES sector in NBeG. This is especially true with regards to the massive afflux of returnees in the State since end of October 2010 (2nd State with the most returnees in Southern Sudan).
- The project will have to deal with different conflicts (mainly on access to water) and the pressure on SDC in NBeG as an important new implementing agency in the water sector is likely to increase. These risks will be mitigated through a systematic conflict sensitive approach (structural prevention, early recognition, crisis intervention).
- Schweizerisches Arbeiterhilfswerk
Sustainable improvement of the water sector management in NBeG (overall):
Resultate von früheren Phasen:
|Koordination mit anderen Projekten und Akteuren||
MWRI/DRWSS, UNICEF (as WASH cluster lead in Southern Sudan), Medair (Co-lead), ACF-US and several other INGOs play a key role in implementing all WASH activities in Northern Bar el Ghazal state.
|Budget||Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF 6'000'000 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF 5'928'084|
Phase 2 01.04.2011 - 31.05.2015 (Completed)