In Nepal, SDC humanitarian aid interventions are focused on rehabilitation activities after natural disasters and emergencies related to conflict or human made crises. Floods and landslides are a constant threat in Nepal causing recurring disasters. However, only in the worst cases, SDC is in a position to support the country with major contributions. For example after the devastating floods of 2002, SDC supported the rehabilitation of bridges, road sections of the strategic road network, as well as the preventive construction of dikes in extremely vulnerable areas. Emergency support was provided to drought affected people as well as to the Bhutanese Refugees through World Food Programme (WFP) in 2006 and 2007 respectively. International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) activities are supported by an annual core contribution. In addition, a small emergency fund allows reacting efficiently in case of localized disasters particularly in the SDC geographic clusters. Besides, the Swiss INGO Terre des Hommes Lausannes (TdH L) is supported for rehabilitation of conflict affected women in Lalitpur district.
Disaster risk reduction, emergency relief and reconstruction
Emergency relief means saving lives, alleviating suffering, and ensuring survival. Damage is repaired as rapidly as possible, and additional emergency measures are taken to help the victims survive. The next step is to re-establish basic supplies and services and to support the afflicted population in the task of reconstruction.