Support to Dealing with the past roadmap implementation in Nepal
The program aims to support a new inclusive and equitable mechanism of dealing with the past with the purpose to address the root causes of the conflict which remains an uncompleted process in Nepal. The implementation of a comprehensive national roadmap will guaranty to be victim-centred and a government-driven process. This program provides a solid basis for strengthening an inclusive federal state
Conflict & fragility
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)
Sector not specified
- Foreign private sector South/East
Nepal has made important advances in recent years on its path towards a peaceful, constitutional democracy. Since the end of the armed conflict, Nepal has ratified the main international human rights conventions and has become an active member of the United Nations Human Rights mechanisms. However, the current Transitional Justice law does not comply with international standards and the commissions are yet to fully benefit from political leadership.
The 2017 elections have created a new political situation in which Nepal’s fragmented and complex multi-party dynamics has finally transformed into more stable “bipartisan” politics thereby creating a more favorable environment for dealing with the past. A dialogue on the amendment to the Transitional Justice law is in progress after the presentation of a “zero draft” proposal. In July 2018, the Embassy of Switzerland in Nepal invited the informal sub-technical group responsible for the draft amendment to ‘Dealing with the Past – An Advanced Course for Policy-makers and Professionals’ in Munchenwiller, Switzerland.
The profound and rapid social and political changes in Nepal have reshaped the priorities of international cooperation and together with Nepalese and international partners, Switzerland aims at contributing to sustainable peace based on Rule of Law, Justice and Civic Trust by combating impunity and increasing accountability mechanisms. The discussions around the draft law highlight that there are many flaws in the proposed law, no trust in existing commissions and questions over political motive. Past experience in supporting the preparation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the new constitution have shown that Switzerland has maintained an impartial and discreet, yet facilitative role during these important milestones in Nepal's peace process.
The lasting impact of this program will be the commitment and ownership of the Government and trust of stakeholders in a Dealing with the Past process that integrates reparations, truth, justice and guarantees of non-recurrence. Given the wide scope and range of stakeholders, there will be partnerships with various actors at formal and informal levels and spanning all over the country.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 3’000’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 0|